Robotic Assisted Bariatric Surgery

Introduction

The use of robotics in most surgeries continues to gain popularity in the medical industry. One of the latest integrations in surgery is robotic assisted bariatric surgery. Different complications in the surgical industry allow surgeons to consider the advantages of using robotic assistance in the same. The robotic assistance has several advantages over the normal open surgery including a smaller incision that allows for a shorter healing time. In this article, we study all the important factors that robotic assistance affects in terms of the surgery’s complication. We study how the robotic assistance aids the robotic bariatric surgeon to provide better health care to patients.

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Complications of Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery is an essential process of reducing the effects of obesity on the body. Obese people continue to increase in the world due to different lifestyles. Obesity is a condition that affects the operation of the body in terms of digestion of nutrients. The body loses the ability to handle most functions including the daily activities that would require constant movement. In most cases, dealing with excess weight would require a person to undertake excess exercise and manage their food intake.

Unfortunately, when patients have to deal with obesity, it becomes harder to lose weight and patients would have to undertake exercise for years before regaining their normal state. Luckily, doctors found a way around this. With the help of bariatric surgery, patients can lose a significant amount of weight over a very short period.

Considering the nature of obese patients, it is obvious that the open surgery might be difficult. With obese patients, a surgeon would have to deal with the large body, the excess fat in the body as well as the thick and large walls that give access to the stomach. These complications therefore make it hard for doctors to handle the surgery and in most cases; the patient would have to deal with more pain as well as certain health risks in case something goes wrong and fails. These complications continue to increase as the body mass index of patients increase. The complications extend to the surgical tools used in the operations.

Introduction of Robotic Assistance in Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery, without the assistance of robotics, might put patients to risk of developing more complications. However, surgeons, after realizing the problems brought about by the open surgery, decided to take care of the problem by creating some important advancements that allow them to use less motion to perform a more precise operation with less damage to the body.

Robotic bariatric surgeons can make smaller incisions in the body of the patient to allow for the robotic procedure. However, this does not limit their vision during the operation. Instead, the robotics provides a three-dimension vision of the insides. The surgeons get to use a technique that allows them to make less movement while doing more.

This therefore means that using this robotic assistance, the surgeon can make use of several bariatric procedures to deal with the obesity, as explained.

Bariatric Surgery Procedures

There are three main procedures for bariatric surgery. You can use gastric banding, biliopancreatic diversion and roux-en-y gastric bypass.

We discuss each individual procedure and the effects of using the robotic assistance in the individual procedure.

Gastric Banding

This individual technique is the most common for bariatric surgery. Adjustable bariatric surgery is an efficient method with little requirements. This technique, being one of the earliest, makes use of simple techniques to ensure that the body uses up the fat stored in the stomach and other parts of the body. However, this technique does not have a specific approved procedure. The medical professionals make additional changes constantly to this procedure.

Robotic assistance gastric banding makes the technique easier to handle. The robotic assistance, however, is more useful when handling techniques that are more complicated. With this technique, the gastric banding procedure takes less time to perform.

Sleeve Gastrectomy

Compared to the gastric banding, this procedure produces better results. The body loses weight faster than it would with gastric banding. However, this technique would require the surgeon to take more care and be more precise when handling the operation. Without this, there is possibility of leaks that would risk the patient’s life. For that reason, the robotic assistance provides the best option for the surgeon as well as the patient.

In different studies, surgeons found that the patients had a faster time for recovery. In addition to this, none of the patients who had this operation using robotic assistance faced complications. Instead, the patients had a smooth operation with less time. The result of the procedure using robotic assistance was a small cut that does not leave an ugly mark once healed. This small incision also helped the patients handle their daily businesses easily while healing.

The robotic sleeve gastrectomy procedure also provided a good way to improve the results of gastric bypass.

When using this robotic assistance for the procedure, it did not matter the body mass index of patients. The robotics makes it easy to provide this procedure to patients. Unlike the open surgery without robotic assistance, the patients’ body mass index does not affect the equipment. The BMI of the procedure also does not prolong the overall time of the procedure.

Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass

This procedure is the prime best of all the procedures available. The procedure makes it possible to provide the best results for the patients that have the worst obesity condition. It therefore is understood that this procedure is the most complex of all. The results, however, are significantly better in different terms. The patients have a better result in terms of the amount of time taken to lose weight. In the same manner, the patients face fewer complications during the procedure. This means that the patients do not have cuts that take time to heal.

Fortunately, the time taken for this procedure is less than the time for the traditional open surgery. The patients also have a smoother procedure with great response of their bodies in terms of the total weight lost over a specified period. The procedure also makes it easier for patients to heal due to the incision created to allow for this procedure.

The nature of the patient’s condition does not affect the equipment. The technology is specifically able to handle the procedure regardless of the patient’s condition.

Advantages of Robotic Assisted Bariatric Surgery over the Traditional Surgery

The robotic assistance therefore inhibits certain advantages and characteristics that prove an improvement over the traditional surgery.

Visual

Most people would assume that the technology limits the vision of the surgeons. However, the robotic assisted procedure includes an advanced 3D vision of the body. The patients therefore do not have to deal with unnecessary cuts or pain due to complications brought about by carelessness. The surgeons are able to work better using this procedure.

Incision

In the traditional operation, patients had to deal with a large incision that made it hard to move or carry out their daily tasks. The operation, while using traditional methods, would require the surgeon to handle the operation using their hands. To do this, the surgeon needs access to the body, hence the incision. However, the procedure that makes use of robotic assistance does not require this kind of incision. A smaller incision would work best and would heal faster compared to the traditional method.

Time

The time you require for this operation is divisible into two. For one, the procedure would require you to set up the robot for the operation as well as the patient. When you make use of two nurses, you can reduce this time significantly and the operation time in total would take less time.

Conclusion

The procedure is a great advancement in technology. Patients should take their time to consider their options. A conversation with the doctor and the respective surgeon is important in order to find the best option for your body and your condition.

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