Colon resection involves the removal of part of the large intestine, also known as the colon, for the treatment of both benign and malignant tumors, as well as several other conditions.
This procedure is usually most effective in stopping the spread of colon cancer and alleviating pain and discomfort for patients.
While colon resection can be performed through a traditional open procedure, most patients now undergo a laparoscopic procedure so that they can benefit from smaller incisions, less scarring and shorter recovery times. Laparoscopic surgery also offers patients less pain and bleeding. Most patients with colon cancer are candidates for laparoscopic colon resection, as the procedure is considered just as safe as traditional surgery.
During this procedure, the surgeon makes several small incisions and inserts a laparoscope and tiny surgical instruments into the area to remove the colon. The internal organs can be viewed on a television monitor during the procedure in order to ensure precise removal with minimal harm to surrounding healthy tissue. The colon is removed through the same small incisions. After surgery, patients should get up and walk around the day after surgery, and can usually return to work and other regular activities after a week or two.
Although laparoscopic colon resection is considered safe for most patients, there are certain risks associated with any type of surgical procedure. Some of these risks include bleeding, infection, leaking where the colon was connected back together, blood clots and damage to surrounding organs. If you experience any troubling symptoms after the colon resection procedure, you should contact your doctor right away.